Peripheral artery disease is a condition that causes plaque buildup in the peripheral arteries. It restricts the blood flow to limbs, often to lower legs. This condition significantly increases your risk of health conditions like heart attack and stroke decreasing the quality of your life. The peripheral arteries disease symptoms can complicate everyday tasks and increase anxiety. Timely treatment can decrease the risk of severe disease significantly. For this reason, it is extremely important to know the main symptoms of PAD.
The most common cause of peripheral arteries disease is a condition called atherosclerosis. In this condition, fatty deposits clog your artery reducing the blood flow. Atherosclerosis usually affects the heart but may appear in arteries of other parts of your body. When it affects arteries that provide a blood supply to your limbs it causes a peripheral arteries disease.
Another cause of peripheral arteries disease that is less common is blood vessel inflammation. Conditions like limb injury or unusual anatomy may trigger the development of PAD. This condition may also affect people who been exposed to radiation.
Certain health conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity may increase your risk of peripheral arteries disease significantly. People with bad habits such as smoking or alcohol-abusing are at the risk of fat clogging in the arteries. You also need to be especially careful about your arteries’ health if you have a family history of PAD and other heart problems.
Healthy blood supply is very important for proper wound healing and infection-fighting. Patients with peripheral arteries disease often experience poor wound healing. In severe cases, the uncared-for wound may become infected. This may result in the death of soft tissues and even amputation. Other symptoms of severy PAD include aching dry, grey, or black sores in the legs. Facing these symptoms you need to examined by a doctor and receive PAD treatment as soon as possible.
Physical activity like walking or running requires an increased blood supply to the legs. PAD often decreases blood flow to the lower limb. Clogged arteries make a simple physical activity for patients with PAD difficult. After walking you may experience leg pain, weakness, and numbness. These symptoms often disappear after a few minutes of rest. In advanced cases of peripheral arteries, disease symptoms may occur even when you resting.
Blocked arteries reduce the blood flow to your legs. For this reason, the pulse becomes weaker in the lower part of the body compared to the upper. The simple test to measure the blood pressure in the legs may offer you the more detailed information. You need to visit your physician if you have a poor pulse in the legs. The doctor can help determine if peripheral arteries disease may be the issue.
Change in leg appearance is one of the most noticeable symptoms. The hair on our leg may disappear or become thinner because of poor blood supply. The growth of the toenail slows down and legs become bluish. Your legs may also become colder than other parts of the body. All these symptoms appear results from the poor blood supply. If you experience similar symptoms consider visiting your doctor for a detailed examination.
Some cold and allergy medication work by constricting the blood vessels. This allows the fluid to enters the nose, throat, and sinuses. The effect of these medications can worsen peripheral arteries disease symptoms. They constrict the vessels that already clogged with fat. This will decrease the blood flow to the legs even more.