8 Common Causes of Pelvic Pain in Women You Should Know About

Many women all over the world experience pelvic pain occasionally or regularly. It is important to understand that there are a lot of conditions that can affect the female reproductive system and cause pelvic pain. That’s why it is important to monitor your condition and visit a gynecologist in case of any symptoms. In this article, we have gathered eight common causes of pelvic pain in women you should know about

1. Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea is a pain that occurs during periods. If the pain is mild and lasts one or two days, it is called primary dysmenorrhea. But if the pain during periods is severe and lasts longer because of certain underlying medical conditions, it is called secondary dysmenorrhea. In this case, it is essential to visit a gynecology clinic for a thorough diagnosis and proper treatment. 

2. Ovulation

Some women can experience so-called “middle pain” during ovulation. It can also be accompanied by light vaginal bleeding (spotting). This pain is usually not dangerous. But if you experience severe pain and bleeding, it is better to visit a gynecologist.

3. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrial tissue (that should grow only inside the uterus) spreads on the pelvic organs. Some women with endometriosis don’t have any symptoms while others may experience severe pain that intensifies during periods and sexual intercourse. There is no cure for endometriosis but some treatment options can help ease your symptoms.

4. Urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a quite common issue for both men and women but women are more likely to develop it. The most common symptoms of UTI include: 

  • Pain during urination

  • Pelvic pain

  • Lower back pain

  • Cloudy urine

  • Urgency to urinate

  • Fever

In the initial stage, UTI affects the bladder and urethra. If left untreated, it can spread to kidneys and ureters.

5. Ovarian cyst

An ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that occurs on the ovaries. Some women with ovarian cysts don't have any symptoms while others can experience severe pelvic pain. If the cyst doesn't disappear on its own, it is better to undergo proper treatment. In some cases, ovarian cysts can burst and cause life-treating complications.

6. Ovarian torsion

Ovarian torsion is a condition in which the ovary twists around itself. This condition usually manifests itself through severe pelvic pain. It is essential to treat ovarian torsion as soon as possible since it can lead to tissue necrosis. Surgical treatment helps untwist the ovary. You should also know that women with ovarian cysts are more prone to ovarian torsion.

7. Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is a condition in which the pelvic organs become inflamed due to the untreated infection. If you have bacterial vaginosis or sexually transmitted infections, it is better to treat them in time. Pelvic inflammatory disease can cause the following symptoms:

  • Chronic pelvic pain

  • Pain during sex

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge with unpleasant odor

  • Fever

It is important to understand that pelvic inflammatory disease can cause scars and adhesions that can result in fertility issues.

8. Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is a condition that occurs when the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus. In most cases, ectopic pregnancy occurs in the Fallopian tubes. When the egg grows, it can stretch the tube and even rupture it. That's why women with this condition can experience severe pelvic pain. Ectopic pregnancy is an extremely serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.

The bottom line

Due to the fact that pelvic pain can be caused by various conditions, it is better to avoid self-treatment and pain medication. A gynecologist can define the exact cause of your pain and perform accurate treatment.